Dr. AIX's POSTS — 16 October 2014


Yesterday afternoon, I had a visitor to the studio. Rory and I have been friends for a very long time. He’s a musician, producer, consultant, licensing expert, and closely associated with the work that DTS Entertainment did years ago when the DVD-Audio format came out. Rory was involved in the remixing of numerous DTS Entertainment releases including “Night at the Opera” from Queen, probably the biggest production done for the new DVD-Audio format back in 2000. He’s still working with DTS as they begin to assemble and promote programming for the Headphones X technology. I wanted him to hear some of my surround music mixes.

He and I chatted about a variety of topics while we waited for his associate to show up. Topic included High-Resolution Audio, surround mixing, headphones, and the increase in recordings that have huge distortion issues. I know it’s not a new topic but he shared some perspectives that I found amazing…and not in a good way.

While I was driving to the university on Tuesday, the local country music station was featuring the new release by Florida Georgia Line called “Anything Goes”. The album was produced by Joey Moi (Nickelback, Jake Owen) and released on Republic Records. The title is actually pretty telling in terms of the fidelity of this recording. Rory was able to shed some like on the dynamics and processing that was used on this new album. And the news wasn’t good.

He told me that the mixing engineer told the assistant engineer at the mixing studio to “put tape over the VU meters”. Apparently, the mixer wasn’t interested in any of the science or engineering behind making recordings, he’s all about the “feel” and the “sound” that he magically creates. And in this case the sound is 18 dB over reference level, flat as a pancake, and distorted beyond recognition. Am I surprised? No. The loudness wars still rule the airwaves. The only qualifier that counts is whether you have the loudest record. The actual quality of the sound doesn’t matter.

This parallels the debacle associated with Metallica’s “Death Magnetic” release, a project that HRA panelist/engineer Andrew Scheps defended during the AES panel. The album was heavily criticized for having excessive distortion (Andrew put the level at +8 dB over the reference standard) using a process called peak limiting, which can smash any transient into submission resulting a uniform dynamic level throughout the album. It’s a common practice in pop/rock music and has even found its way into jazz productions. According to a Wiki article, “MusicRadar and Rolling Stone attribute a quote to the album’s mastering engineer Ted Jensen in which he claims that ‘mixes were already brick-walled before they arrived’ for mastering.”
So the process of reducing dynamics has drifted upstream and is a standard part of the mixing process. Sure dynamic processors can be used creatively…but this new approach is quite troubling.

The label and production team defended the album’s sound and the album received 5 Grammy nominations.

The commercial music business has absolutely not interest in making recordings with great fidelity. They are content to release recordings with excessive distortion, flat dynamics, pinched frequency response, and buried vocals.

This situation is not going to go away anytime soon. Just when you hoped the “loudness wars” were waning…we get the “benefits” of too much peak limiting, poor level judgment, and deaf engineers crippled by the demands of the managers and labels. In a world full of technology that holds so much sonic potential, it’s unfortunate that we’re forced to accept what the labels deem is sonically right. Whoever asked that tape be put on the VU meters should be forced to listen to their work product…that might change their approach.

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About Author


Mark Waldrep, aka Dr. AIX, has been producing and engineering music for over 40 years. He learned electronics as a teenager from his HAM radio father while learning to play the guitar. Mark received the first doctorate in music composition from UCLA in 1986 for a "binaural" electronic music composition. Other advanced degrees include an MS in computer science, an MFA/MA in music, BM in music and a BA in art. As an engineer and producer, Mark has worked on projects for the Rolling Stones, 311, Tool, KISS, Blink 182, Blues Traveler, Britney Spears, the San Francisco Symphony, The Dover Quartet, Willie Nelson, Paul Williams, The Allman Brothers, Bad Company and many more. Dr. Waldrep has been an innovator when it comes to multimedia and music. He created the first enhanced CDs in the 90s, the first DVD-Videos released in the U.S., the first web-connected DVD, the first DVD-Audio title, the first music Blu-ray disc and the first 3D Music Album. Additionally, he launched the first High Definition Music Download site in 2007 called iTrax.com. A frequency speaker at audio events, author of numerous articles, Dr. Waldrep is currently writing a book on the production and reproduction of high-end music called, "High-End Audio: A Practical Guide to Production and Playback". The book should be completed in the fall of 2013.

(10) Readers Comments

  1. Death Magnetic really does annoy me – thankfully there are a couple of remixed versions from the guitar hero soundtrack which don’t suffer from the excessive pre mastering, “mastering”.
    Another recent album is FVEY by Shihad from New Zealand, it sounds like they used Death Magnetic as their exemplar. The worst thing is that experts have been proving for years that dynamic music sounds better and translates better across the board from radio to CD to streaming and whatever other format. Sigh.

    • This trend to louder and louder recordings is very easy to do. And since the records still sell AND get nominated for Grammys…why change things?

  2. The new October 14, 2014 release from Bob Seger called Ride Out is on of the flattest, dullest, recordings I have ever heard. His voice is completely distant and the rest of the backing music is as if they are in another room! Nuts! This is 2014 not 1954.

    • And I’m a huge fan of Bob Seger. He played at our high school gym when he was just getting started. “East Side Story” and “Ramblin’ Gamblin’ Man”…go Bob.

  3. The burying of vocals may be related to the burying of dialogue under music and sound effects in TV shows and movies. I have to bring up the center channel to.hear the dialogue.

    • There are other things going on when it comes to dialog in movies and TV shows. First, make sure you’re getting everything you’re supposed to get to the right speakers. There are downmixes from 5.1 to 2.0 that don’t translate and dial normalization that can mess with the balance.

      • I’m running 5.1. Can you provide a link talking about dial normalization. I don’t recall anything like that on my receiver.

  4. The mixing engineer clearly believes distortion enhances the SNR of Metallica’s, ahem, “music”. I am inclined to agree.

  5. If I bought a jazz recoding and found it to be heavily compressed I’d demand my money back.

  6. Sad and sadder
    Dear Sir, your statement has less to do with the science of audio or the search of perfection than it has to do with a social statement. We live in a society where money is the ultimate arbiter of value. Decades of upheaval may lie ahead, but as long as education prevails over obscurity, the love of music will survive the frenzy of insatiability.

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